INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH COLLABORATION AND JOINT DEVELOPMENT PACT
The International Institute for Policy Review and Development Strategies has provided a front for research linkages with other International, Regional and Local Research and Development Organizations, Institutions of Higher Learning and Government at the Local, State and National levels. The Pact also carries out Entrepreneurial Development Scheme (EDS) for partnering members. Proceedings from the collaboration are published in the African Development Charter Series.
The collaboration is also an initiative for Development Co-operation and Partnership (DCP). This generally involves a complex of bilateral and multilateral agreements between recipients, individual donor organizations, international donor organizations and governments. Multilateral and bilateral institutions occupy a dominant position in the developing world as they provide the loans and technical assistance required for sustainable development.
The terms bilateral and/or multi-lateral institutions are used to describe the different global institutions which, within the context of this paper, include the multi-lateral development banks (MDBs) - the World Bank and the three largest regional banks: the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) - the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Union (EU) and related United Nations agencies. The relationships between these institutions, which in proper parlance, are called donor agencies, partnering organizations, or international interventionist organizations, are not only complex, but reflect the wide range of different tasks and programmes they offer to recipient societies or countries.